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Psychiatry Res. 2019 Jul 31;280:112504. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112504. [Epub ahead of print]

The relationship between risk of obstructive sleep apnea and other sleep problems, depression, and anxiety in adolescents from a community sample.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Research Planning, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: neominnie00@hanmail.net.

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly related to mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety. However, previous studies on OSA and depression and anxiety have mostly been conducted in the adult population. We aimed to (1) screen for risk of OSA in a sample of adolescents from the general population using self-report questionnaires and (2) examine whether there are differences between the high- and low-risk groups for OSA in depressive and anxiety symptoms, self-esteem, and sleep-related variables. The data of 793 students (age range: 12-17 years old) were analyzed. The participants were assigned to the high-risk (n = 202, 25.5%) or the low-risk group (n = 591, 74.5%) of OSA. The participants in the high-risk group had more severe anxiety symptoms, lower self-esteem, insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, and higher BMI compared those in the low-risk group. This study shows that it is possible to efficiently screen for risks of various problems associated with OSA in adolescents using an easy and simple screening tool.

KEYWORDS:

Mental well-being; School; Snoring; The Berlin Questionnaire

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