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BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2019 Aug 9;19(1):194. doi: 10.1186/s12872-019-1175-3.

Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist use after hospitalization of patients with heart failure and post-discharge outcomes: a single-center retrospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco, Box 0124, C/O Salina Gu, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.
2
Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 227 East 30th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA.
3
Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, 227 East 30th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA.
4
Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 227 East 30th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA. saul.blecker@nyumc.org.
5
Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, 227 East 30th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA. saul.blecker@nyumc.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) are an underutilized therapy for heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), but the current impact of hospitalization on MRA use is not well characterized. The objective of this study was to describe contemporary MRA prescription for heart failure patients before and after the full scope of hospitalizations and the association between MRA discharge prescription and post-hospitalization outcomes.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective cohort study at an academic hospital system in 2013-2016. Among 1500 included hospitalizations of 1009 unique patients with HFrEF and without MRA contraindication, the mean age was 71.9 ± 13.6 years and 443 (29.5%) were female. We compared MRA prescription before and after hospitalizations with McNemar's test and between patients with principal and secondary diagnoses of HFrEF with the chi-square test, and association of MRA discharge prescription with 30-day and 180-day mortality and readmissions using generalized estimating equations.

RESULTS:

MRA prescriptions increased from 303 (20.2%) to 375 (25.0%) at discharge (+4.8%, p < 0.0001). More patients with principal diagnosis of HFrEF compared to those hospitalized for other reasons received MRA (34.9% versus 21.3%, p < 0.0001) and had them initiated (21.8% versus 9.7%, p < 0.0001). MRA prescription at discharge was not associated with mortality or readmission at 30 and 180 days, and there was no interaction with principal/secondary diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among hospitalized HFrEF patients, 75% did not receive MRA before or after hospitalization, and nearly 90% of eligible patients did not have MRA initiated. As we found no signal for short-term harm after discharge, hospitalization may represent an opportunity to initiate guideline-directed heart failure therapy.

KEYWORDS:

Aldosterone; Heart Failure; Hospitalization; Mineralocorticoid

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