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Neural Regen Res. 2019 Dec;14(12):2199-2208. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.262596.

Fresh human amniotic membrane effectively promotes the repair of injured common peroneal nerve.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Cell Engineering in Guizhou Province, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Cell Engineering in Guizhou Province, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province; Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
3
Key Laboratory of Cell Engineering in Guizhou Province, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University; The Team of Scientific and Technological Innovation Talents on The Basic and Clinical Research of Amniotic Membrane and Bone Marrow Stem Cells in Guizhou Province, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China.
4
Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China.
5
Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China.

Abstract

Suture and autologous nerve transplantation are the primary therapeutic measures for completely severed nerves. However, imbalances in the microenvironment and adhesion of surrounding tissues can affect the quality of nerve regeneration and repair. Previous studies have shown that human amniotic membrane can promote the healing of a variety of tissues. In this study, the right common peroneal nerve underwent a 5-mm transection in rats. Epineural nerve repair was performed using 10/0 non-absorbable surgical suture. The repair site was wrapped with a two-layer amniotic membrane with α-cyanoacrylate rapid medical adhesive after suture. Hindlimb motor function was assessed using footprint analysis. Conduction velocity of the common peroneal nerve was calculated by neural electrical stimulation. The retrograde axoplasmic transport of the common peroneal nerve was observed using fast blue BB salt retrograde fluorescent staining. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to detect the pathological changes of the common peroneal nerve sputum. The mRNA expression of axon regeneration-related neurotrophic factors and inhibitors was measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that the amniotic membrane significantly improved the function of the injured nerve; the toe spread function rapidly recovered, the nerve conduction velocity was restored, and the number of fast blue BB salt particles were increased in the spinal cord. The amniotic membrane also increased the recovery rate of the tibialis anterior muscle and improved the tissue structure of the muscle. Meanwhile, mRNA expression of nerve growth factor, growth associated protein-43, collapsin response mediator protein-2, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor recovered to near-normal levels, while Lingo-1 mRNA expression decreased significantly in spinal cord tissues. mRNA expression of glial-derived neurotrophic factor did not change significantly. Changes in mRNA levels were more significant in amniotic-membrane-wrapping-treated rats compared with model and nerve sutured rats. These results demonstrate that fresh amniotic membrane wrapping can promote the functional recovery of sutured common peroneal nerve via regulation of expression levels of neurotrophic factors and inhibitors associated with axonal regeneration. The study was approved by the Committee on Animal Research and Ethics at the Affiliate Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, China (approval No. 112) on December 1, 2017.

KEYWORDS:

Schwann cellsα-cyanoacrylate rapid medical adhesive; axonal; common peroneal nerve injury; human amniotic membrane; nerve regeneration; neural regeneration; neural suture; neuronal growth factor; tibial anterior muscle

PMID:
31397360
DOI:
10.4103/1673-5374.262596
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