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Neural Regen Res. 2019 Dec;14(12):2095-2103. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.262591.

Application of neuroendoscopic surgical techniques in the assessment and treatment of cerebral ventricular infection.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.
Department of Neurosurgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, China.
Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Department of Neurosurgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Liangxiang Hospital, Beijing, China.


Cerebral ventricular infection (CVI) is one of the most dangerous complications in neurosurgery because of its high mortality and disability rates. Few studies have examined the application of neuroendoscopic surgical techniques (NESTs) to assess and treat CVI. This multicenter, retrospective study was conducted using clinical data of 32 patients with CVI who were assessed and treated by NESTs in China. The patients included 20 men and 12 women with a mean age of 42.97 years. NESTs were used to obliterate intraventricular debris and pus, fenestrate or incise the intraventricular compartment and reconstruct cerebrospinal fluid circulation, and remove artificial material. Intraventricular irrigation with antibiotic saline was applied after neuroendoscopic surgery (NES). Secondary hydrocephalus was treated by endoscopic third ventriculostomy or a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Neuroendoscopic findings of CVI were used to classify patients into Grade I (n = 3), Grade II (n = 13), Grade III (n = 10), and Grade IV (n = 6) CVI. The three patients with grade I CVI underwent one NES, the 23 patients with grade II/III CVI underwent two NESs, and patients with grade IV CVI underwent two (n = 3) or three (n = 3) NESs. The imaging features and grades of neuroendoscopy results were positively related to the number of neurosurgical endoscopic procedures. Two patients died of multiple organ failure and the other 30 patients fully recovered. Among the 26 patients with secondary hydrocephalus, 18 received ventriculoperitoneal shunt and 8 underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy. There were no recurrences of CVI during the 6- to 76-month follow-up after NES. Application of NESTs is an innovative method to assess and treat CVI, and its neuroendoscopic classification provides an objective, comprehensive assessment of CVI. The study trial was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.


assessment; cerebral ventricular infection; hydrocephalus; irrigation; nerve regeneration; neural regeneration; neuroendoscopy; surgery; treatment

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