Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Vaccine. 2019 Aug 5. pii: S0264-410X(19)30999-5. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.07.078. [Epub ahead of print]

Epidemiology of cholera.

Author information

1
Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines, Pedro Gil Street, Ermita, Manila 1000, Philippines; Delivering Oral Vaccine Effectively (DOVE), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: deen.jacqueline@gmail.com.
2
Global-Health Consulting, Calle Isabel de Villena 99, 46011 Valencia, Spain.
3
iccdr,b, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh; UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, 650 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA.

Abstract

Cholera is an ancient disease that remains a public health problem in many impoverished locations around the world. Seven pandemics of cholera have been recorded since the first pandemic in 1817, the last of which is on going. Overcrowding, poverty, insufficient water and sanitation facilities increase the risk for cholera outbreaks. The epidemiology of cholera in the areas in Asia, Africa and the Americas where the disease occurs continues to evolve.

KEYWORDS:

Cholera; Epidemiology; Pandemics; Transmission; Vibrio cholerae

PMID:
31395455
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.07.078
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center