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Endocrinology. 1988 Nov;123(5):2390-8.

Purification and characterization of the corticosteroid 11 beta-dehydrogenase component of the rat liver 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase complex.

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Population Council, New York, New York 10021.


We have proposed that 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is composed of structurally independent units with 11 beta-dehydrogenase and 11-reductase activities. We now report the purification of rat liver 11 beta-dehydrogenase to apparent homogeneity. Starting with microsomes, 800-fold purification was achieved with agarose-NADP affinity chromatography. No 11-reductase accompanied the purification. Homogeneity of 11 beta-dehydrogenase was determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and amino acid end-group analysis and immunoprecipitation. The terminal amino acid was methionine. Monomer mol wt was 34,000. The enzyme was found to be a glycoprotein. A sequence of 40 amino acid units was identified from the amino end. The amino-terminal region was found to be highly nonpolar. Unlike unpurified microsomal 11 beta-dehydrogenase, which showed curvilinear Eadie plots, homogeneous enzyme gave rectilinear plots. Michaelis constants were 1.83 +/- 0.06 microM for corticosterone and 17.3 +/- 2.24 microM for cortisol. First order rate constants were 10 times greater for corticosterone than cortisol, and maximum velocities were similar.

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