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Can J Microbiol. 2019 Oct;65(10):762-774. doi: 10.1139/cjm-2019-0019. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus spp. strains as potential probiotics for poultry.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.
2
National Institute for Microbial Forensics & Food and Agricultural Biosecurity, Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.
3
Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.

Abstract

Probiotics have become one of the potential solutions to global restriction on antibiotic use in food animal production. Bacillus species have been attractive probiotics partially due to their long-term stability during storage. In this study, 200 endospore-forming bacteria isolates were recovered from sourdough and the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of young broiler chicks. Based on the production of a series of exoenzymes and survivability under stress conditions similar to those in the poultry GIT, 42 isolates were selected and identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Seven strains with a profile of high enzymatic activities were further evaluated for sporulation efficiency, biofilm formation, compatibility among themselves (Bacillus spp.), and antagonistic effects against three bacteria pathogenic to poultry and humans: Enterococcus cecorum, Salmonella enterica, and Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli. The strains from sourdough were identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens whereas the ones from the chicks' GIT were Bacillus subtilis. These strains demonstrated remarkable potential as probiotics for poultry.

KEYWORDS:

Bacillus spp.; Enterococcus cecorum; Escherichia coli producteur de shigatoxines; STEC; Salmonella enterica serovar Muenchen; Salmonella enterica sérovar Muenchen; Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli; antagonisme; antagonisms; exoenzymes; phytase; poultry; probiotics; probiotiques; volaille

PMID:
31393167
DOI:
10.1139/cjm-2019-0019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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