Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1121:7-20. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-10616-4_2.

Epigenetics and Common Non Communicable Disease.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. tabatabaiefar@med.mui.ac.ir.
2
Pediatric Inherited Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. tabatabaiefar@med.mui.ac.ir.
3
Genetics Department, Erythron Pathobiology and Genetics lab, Isfahan, Iran. tabatabaiefar@med.mui.ac.ir.
4
Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
5
Genetics Department, Erythron Pathobiology and Genetics lab, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

Common Non communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, schizophrenia, and diabetes, have become the major cause of death in the world. They result from an interaction between genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors. The prevalence of NCDs are increasing, and researchers hopes to find efficient strategies to predict, prevent and treat them. Given the role of epigenome in the etiology of NCDs, insight into epigenetic mechanisms may offer opportunities to predict, detect, and prevent disease long before its clinical onset.Epigenetic alterations are exerted through several mechanisms including: chromatin modification, DNA methylation and controlling gene expression by non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). In this chapter, we will discuss about NCDs, with focus on cancer, diabetes and schizophrenia. Different epigenetic mechanisms, categorized into two main groups DNA methylation and chromatin modifications and non-coding RNAs, will be separately discussed for these NCDs.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Chromatin modifications; DNA methylation; Diabetes; Epigenetics; Schizophrenia; ncRNA

PMID:
31392648
DOI:
10.1007/978-3-030-10616-4_2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center