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BMC Cancer. 2019 Aug 7;19(1):784. doi: 10.1186/s12885-019-5996-3.

Silencing microRNA-330-5p increases MMP1 expression and promotes an invasive phenotype in oesophageal adenocarcinoma.

Author information

1
Cancer Biology and Therapeutics Lab, School of Life Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, HU6 7RX, UK.
2
Translational Radiobiology Group, Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, M20 4GJ, UK.
3
PET Imaging Centre, School of Life Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, HU6 7RX, UK.
4
Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Department of Surgery, Trinity College Dublin, St. James's Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland.
5
Biomedical Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
6
Cancer Biology and Therapeutics Lab, School of Life Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, HU6 7RX, UK. maherst@tcd.ie.
7
Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, Department of Surgery, Trinity College Dublin, St. James's Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland. maherst@tcd.ie.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Many patients diagnosed with oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) present with advanced disease and approximately half present with metastatic disease. Patients with localised disease, who are managed with curative intent, frequently undergo neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Unfortunately, ~ 70% of patients have little or no response to chemoradiotherapy. We previously identified miR-330-5p as being the most significantly downregulated microRNA in the pre-treatment OAC tumours of non-responders to treatment, but that loss of miR-330-5p had a limited impact on sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiation in vitro. Here, we further examined the impact of miR-330-5p loss on OAC biology.

METHODS:

miR-330-5p was suppressed in OE33 OAC cells following stable transfection of a vector-driven anti-sense RNA. Whole transcriptome digital RNA-Seq was employed to identify miR-330-5p regulated genes, and qPCR was used for validation. Protein expression was assessed by protein array, Western blotting and zymography. Invasive potential was measured using a transwell assay system. Tumour xenograft growth profile studies were performed in immunocompromised CD1 mice.

RESULTS:

In OE33 cells, suppression of miR-330-5p significantly altered expression of 42 genes, and several secreted proteases. MMP1 gene expression and protein secretion was significantly enhanced with miR-330-5p suppression. This corresponded to enhanced collagen invasion in vitro. In vivo, OE33-derived tumour xenografts with miR-330-5p suppression grew faster than controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Loss of miR-330-5p expression in OAC tumours may influence tumour cell invasive capacity, tumour growth and therapeutic sensitivity via alterations to the tumour microenvironment.

KEYWORDS:

Chemoradiation therapy; Invasion; MMP1; Oesophageal adenocarcinoma; miR-330-5p; microRNA

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