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Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Oct;48(4):1070-8.

Metabolic bone disease of total parenteral nutrition: course after changing from casein to amino acids in parenteral solutions with reduced aluminum content.

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Department of Pediatrics, UCLA School of Medicine.


Bone disease with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has been attributed to aluminum loading or vitamin D therapy. We studied 17 patients who first received TPN containing casein hydrolysate with high Al and ergocalciferol (25 micrograms/d) for 6-72 mo followed by TPN containing amino acids with reduced Al and ergocalciferol (5 micrograms/d) for 9-58 mo. We also did a cross-sectional study of 22 patients receiving casein and ergocalciferol (25 micrograms/d) compared with 46 patients receiving amino acids and ergocalciferol (5 micrograms/d) for 6-58 mo. Bone formation was higher and osteoid area, bone-surface stainable Al and total bone Al were lower with amino acid TPN than with casein TPN. Bone formation varied inversely with both plasma Al and bone-surface Al, suggesting that plasma or bone-surface Al, acquired during TPN, can reduce bone formation and lead to patchy osteomalacia. Serum levels of iPTH and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were higher with amino acid TPN.

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