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J R Soc Interface. 2019 Aug 30;16(157):20190246. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2019.0246. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Adaptive integrate-and-fire model reproduces the dynamics of olfactory receptor neuron responses in a moth.

Author information

1
Department of Computational Neuroscience, Institute of Physiology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Videnska 1083, 14220 Prague 4, Czech Republic.
2
Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, INRA, route de St Cyr, 78000 Versailles, France.
3
Principles of Informatics Research Division, National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Department of Informatics, SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

In order to understand how olfactory stimuli are encoded and processed in the brain, it is important to build a computational model for olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs). Here, we present a simple and reliable mathematical model of a moth ORN generating spikes. The model incorporates a simplified description of the chemical kinetics leading to olfactory receptor activation and action potential generation. We show that an adaptive spike threshold regulated by prior spike history is an effective mechanism for reproducing the typical phasic-tonic time course of ORN responses. Our model reproduces the response dynamics of individual neurons to a fluctuating stimulus that approximates odorant fluctuations in nature. The parameters of the spike threshold are essential for reproducing the response heterogeneity in ORNs. The model provides a valuable tool for efficient simulations of olfactory circuits.

KEYWORDS:

adaptive threshold; integrate-and-fire model; olfactory receptor neuron

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