Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019 Oct;58(11-12):1224-1231. doi: 10.1177/0009922819867460. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Timing of Referral to Early Intervention Services in Infants With Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Author information

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.


This study is a secondary analysis of an observational prospective case series of 50 infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia that describes patient factors associated with the time between initial hospital discharge and referral to early intervention (EI) services. It also evaluates associations between (1) timing of EI referral and reception of EI services and (2) early referral to EI and developmental outcomes at 18 to 36 months corrected age. The results demonstrated that a referral from a neonatologist versus a pediatrician was associated with fewer days between discharge and EI referral. Earlier EI referrals were associated with a shorter time to intake evaluation and service initiation. The Bayley-III (Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition) scores at 24 months corrected age (n = 28) were not associated with timing of EI referral. In conclusion, an early referral to EI promoted earlier evaluation and initiation of EI services and should be standard for high-risk infants.


bronchopulmonary dysplasia; early intervention; neurodevelopmental outcomes; prematurity


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center