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Inhal Toxicol. 2019 May;31(6):213-223. doi: 10.1080/08958378.2019.1645768. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Occupational exposures to cosmetic talc and risk of mesothelioma: an updated pooled cohort and statistical power analysis with consideration of latency period.

Author information

1
Cardno ChemRisk , Pittsburgh , PA , USA.
2
Cardno ChemRisk , Brooklyn , NY , USA.
3
Department of Environmental, Occupational, and Geospatial Health Sciences, CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy , New York , NY , USA.

Abstract

Objectives: We previously published a pooled statistical power analysis of mesothelioma incidence in the Italian, Norwegian, Austrian, and French cosmetic talc miner and miller cohorts. Soon thereafter, updates to the Italian and Norwegian cohorts were published, providing an additional 14,322 person-years of observation. In this study, we provide an updated power analysis using the newly available information. Methods: We pooled the current results regarding pleural cancer/mesothelioma mortality or incidence in four cosmetic talc miner and miller cohorts in Italy, Norway, Austria, and France. We used the expected numbers of cases as reported by the authors and the power analysis was based on an a priori one-sided significance level of 0.05 and Poisson distribution probabilities. Results: There was a pooled total of 113,344 person-years in the cohorts. Although 3.0 pleural cancers/mesotheliomas were expected, there were no reported pleural cancer or mesothelioma cases in any cohort. Our pooled analysis was associated with 79 and 62% power to detect a 3.0-fold and 2.5-fold or greater increase in pleural cancer/mesothelioma, respectively. These favorable power characteristics were effectively maintained when restricting the pooled cohort to workers with a latency period of 30 or more years (observation time from first employment). Conclusions: The epidemiological evidence from the cosmetic talc miner/miller cohort studies does not support the hypothesis that exposure to cosmetic talc is associated with the development of pleural cancer/mesothelioma.

KEYWORDS:

Mesothelioma; asbestos; cohort study; cosmetic talc; latency period; miners and millers; mortality; pleural cancer; pooled cohort analysis; statistical power calculation

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