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J Appl Gerontol. 2019 Aug 5:733464819866360. doi: 10.1177/0733464819866360. [Epub ahead of print]

Caregiving for Community-Dwelling Older Persons in South Korea: Current Formal and Informal Care Use and Expectation.

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1 Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Sejong, South Korea.
2 University of California San Francisco, USA.
3 Dongduk Women's University, Seoul, South Korea.
4 Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.


The aim of this study is to examine formal and informal care use among community-dwelling older Korean adults. Older adults aged between 65 and 85 (N = 516) in mid-size city, selected using the probability proportional sampling method, were interviewed in person. One third reported having at least one caregiver. Compared to respondents who did not use any informal/formal care, those who used any formal or informal care were older and were more likely to be prefrail or frail and experienced at least one hospitalization or emergency department use in the past year. Living alone or being experienced with any hospitalization was associated with formal care use. Most care recipients received informal care from families, specifically spouses. Among participants who received no formal/informal care, 19% of them expected to receive formal care support in the future. Substantial support programs for informal caregivers are needed to address the increase in demand and expectation for long-term care.


caregiving; community-dwelling older people; formal care; informal care


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