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Sci Total Environ. 2019 Nov 25;693:133623. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133623. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

PAHs in Chinese atmosphere: Gas/particle partitioning.

Author information

1
International Joint Research Center for Persistent Toxic Substances (IJRC-PTS), State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.
2
IJRC-PTS, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China.
3
International Joint Research Center for Persistent Toxic Substances (IJRC-PTS), State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China; IJRC-PTS, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China. Electronic address: ijrc_pts_paper@yahoo.com.

Abstract

The gas/particle (G/P) partitioning behavior is an important factor for the environmental fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in atmosphere. Based on one year monitoring program at 11 urban sites across China, 7647 pairs of gaseous and particulate concentrations were obtained for 16 priority PAHs, which provided a good opportunity to study the G/P partitioning behavior of PAHs. The concentrations of PAHs in both gas and particle phases were not in the same level among the 11 sites with a difference of more than one orders of magnitude. Along with the increase of molar weight of PAHs, the proportion of concentration in particle phase was increasing. In particle phase, the concentrations of ∑16PAHs in northern Chinese cities were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those in southern Chinese cities with the average concentrations of 83.4 ± 151 ng/m3 and 33.4 ± 45.5 ng/m3, respectively. However, non-significant difference was found with ∑16PAHs in gas phase. The values of log KP (the G/P partitioning coefficient/quotient) ranged from -5.65 m3/μg to 2.34 m3/μg, with the mean value of -2.01 ± 1.65 m3/μg for the 16 PAHs. The values of log KP for individual PAHs at the 11 sites were not in the same level. Furthermore, significant difference (p < 0.05) with log KP of the 16 PAHs was found between northern Chinese cities and southern Chinese cities except for Acy, Flu and DahA. More than one orders of magnitude difference with KP were observed for different congeners and different rings PAHs, which are mainly caused by their physical-chemical properties. The results of this study provided large database of KP, which is necessary and important to the research field of the G/P partitioning of PAHs.

KEYWORDS:

Gas phase; Gas/particle partitioning; National scale; PAHs; Particle phase

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