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Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2019 Aug 1;23(10):70. doi: 10.1007/s11916-019-0811-z.

Recent Advances in the Understanding and Management of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: a Comprehensive Review.

Author information

1
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. iurits@bidmc.harvard.edu.
2
Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA.
3
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.
5
Valley Anesthesiology and Pain Consultants, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
6
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
7
Department of Anesthesiology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is an entrapment neuropathy that involves the compression of the median nerve at the wrist and is considered the most common of all focal entrapment mononeuropathies. CTS makes up 90% of all entrapment neuropathies diagnosed in the USA and affects millions of Americans.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Age and gender likely play a role in the development of CTS, but additional studies may further elucidate these associations. Of known associated risk factors, diabetes mellitus seems to have the greatest association with CTS. One of the most commonly reported symptoms in CTS is a "pins-and-needles" sensation in the first three fingers and nocturnal burning pain that is relieved with activity upon waking. Treatment for CTS is variable depending on the severity of symptoms. Conservative management of CTS is usually considered first-line therapy. In cases of severe sensory or motor deficit, injection therapy or ultimately surgery may then be considered. Still CTS is often difficult to treat and may be reoccurring. Novel treatment modalities such as laser and shockwave therapy have demonstrated variable efficacy though further studies are needed to assess for safety and effect. Given the unknown and potentially complex etiology of CTS, further studies are needed to explore combinations of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.

KEYWORDS:

Carpal tunnel syndrome; Chronic pain management; Endoscopic release; Entrapment neuropathy; Injection therapy

PMID:
31372847
DOI:
10.1007/s11916-019-0811-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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