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Infect Dis Ther. 2019 Sep;8(3):445-452. doi: 10.1007/s40121-019-0255-0. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Telavancin in Hospital-Acquired and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (HAP/VAP) Caused by Staphylococcus aureus: Post Hoc Analysis of 2 Randomized, Controlled Trials.

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Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
Department of Surgery, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA, USA.
Theravance Biopharma US, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.
Theravance Biopharma US, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.



The efficacy and safety of telavancin versus vancomycin in microbiologically evaluable patients with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia (HAP/VAP) caused by Staphylococcus aureus with vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥ 1.0 µg/mL was analyzed using data derived from previously reported Assessment of Telavancin for Treatment of Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (ATTAIN) trials.


This post hoc subgroup analysis of two randomized, double-blind, comparator-controlled, parallel-group phase 3 trials conducted at 274 sites in 38 countries included 194 microbiologically evaluable patients with HAP/VAP caused by monomicrobial S. aureus with vancomycin MIC ≥ 1.0 µg/mL. Patients received intravenous telavancin (10 mg/kg every 24 h) or intravenous vancomycin (1 g every 12 h with site-specific modifications) for 7-21 days. Efficacy was assessed by clinical cure, defined as improvement or non-progression of radiographic findings at end of treatment and resolution of pneumonia signs and symptoms at follow-up/test-of-cure visits, and survival 28 days post-randomization. Safety was assessed from categorical shifts in creatinine clearance during therapy and adverse events (AEs).


Clinical cure rates were numerically greater following telavancin versus vancomycin treatment overall (85.4% vs. 74.3%; treatment difference [95% confidence interval (CI)], 11.1% [- 0.002%, 22.2%]) and in patients aged ≥ 65 years (81.6% vs. 66.2%; treatment difference [95% CI], 15.5% [- 0.9%, 30.2%]) patients with VAP (92.3% vs. 47.6%; treatment difference [95% CI], 44.7% [18.1%, 64.9%]), and patients with baseline Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II score ≥ 20 (71.4% vs. 55.6%; treatment difference [95% CI], 15.9% [- 11.7%, 40.5%]). Renal function declined in 7 (7.9%) patients receiving telavancin and 6 (5.7%) patients receiving vancomycin. Survival proportion was numerically higher (85.2% vs. 80.2%; treatment difference [95% CI], 5.0% [- 5.8%, 15.8%]) and AEs were comparable in patients treated with telavancin versus vancomycin.


Telavancin is an alternative to vancomycin for HAP/VAP caused by S. aureus with vancomycin MIC ≥ 1 µg/mL.


Theravance Biopharma R&D, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.


Hospital-acquired pneumonia; MRSA; Staphylococcus aureus; Telavancin; Vancomycin; Ventilator-associated pneumonia


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