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Endocrine. 2019 Oct;66(1):18-26. doi: 10.1007/s12020-019-02023-7. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Thyroid hormone therapy for hypothyroidism.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. bebiondi@unina.it.
2
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this article will be to review the basics of thyroid hormone therapy, including various thyroid hormone formulations, the institution and monitoring of thyroid hormone therapy, adverse effects of overtreatment, the management of patients with persistent symptoms despite normal thyroid function tests, and potential new innovations in thyroid hormone therapy. The conclusions support the necessity to personalize thyroid hormone replacement therapy in hypothyroid patients.

PMID:
31372822
DOI:
10.1007/s12020-019-02023-7

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