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J Saudi Heart Assoc. 2019 Oct;31(4):204-253. doi: 10.1016/j.jsha.2019.06.004. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Saudi Heart Association (SHA) guidelines for the management of heart failure.

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Cardiac Sciences Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Fahad Cardiac Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Salman Heart Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Ministry of National Guard, Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
Riyadh Care Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
Saud Al-Babtain Cardiac Center, Dammam, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
Madina Cardiac Center, AlMadina AlMonaoarah, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
Cardiology Department, Tanta University, EgyptEgypt.
Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.
International Medical Center, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia.


Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and negatively impacts quality of life, healthcare costs, and longevity. Although data on HF in the Arab population are scarce, recently developed regional registries are a step forward to evaluating the quality of current patient care and providing an overview of the clinical picture. Despite the burden of HF in Saudi Arabia, there are currently no standardized protocols or guidelines for the management of patients with acute or chronic heart failure. Therefore, the Heart Failure Expert Committee, comprising 13 local specialists representing both public and private sectors, has developed guidelines to address the needs and challenges for the diagnosis and treatment of HF in Saudi Arabia. The ultimate aim of these guidelines is to assist healthcare professionals in delivering optimal care and standardized clinical practice across Saudi Arabia.


Acute heart failure; Chronic heart failure; Heart failure recommendations; Multidisciplinary management; Saudi Arabia

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