Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Orthod. 2019 Aug 1. pii: cjz054. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjz054. [Epub ahead of print]

Three-dimensional evaluation of forced unilateral posterior crossbite correction in the mixed dentition: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics, County Council, Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
2
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
3
Department of Orthodontics, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The objectives of this study were to assess the three-dimensional (3D) treatment changes (palatal surface area and volume) of forced unilateral posterior crossbite correction using either quad-helix or removable expansion plate appliances in the mixed dentition, and to compare the treatment changes with the three-dimensional changes occurring in age-matched untreated unilateral posterior crossbite patients as well as in subjects with normal occlusion and with no or mild orthodontic treatment need.

TRIAL DESIGN:

Six-arm parallel group multicentre randomized controlled trial.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

One-hundred and thirty-five patients with unilateral posterior crossbite with functional shift were recruited. The patients were randomized by an independent person not involved in the trial. The randomization used blocks of 25, and the patients were randomized into the following five groups: quad-helix treatments in specialist orthodontic clinics (QHS), quad-helix treatments in general dentistry (QHG), removable expansion plate treatments in specialist orthodontic clinics (EPS), removable expansion plate treatments in general dentistry (EPG), and untreated crossbite (UC). Twenty-five patients with normal occlusion who served as normal controls were also included in the trial. Blinding of the outcome assessor and data analyst was accomplished. Data on all children were evaluated on an intention-to-treat basis, regarding 3D palatal surface area, palatal projection area, and palatal shell volume; two-dimensional linear measurements were registered at the same time.

RESULTS:

After treatment, the surface and projection area and shell volume increased in the four treatment groups (QHS, QHG, EPS, and EPG). QHS increased significantly more than EPG for the surface and projection area. The QHS and EPS had significantly higher mean difference for shell volume.

LIMITATIONS:

The trial considers a short-term evaluation.

CONCLUSION:

After treatment, there were no significant differences between the four treatment groups and the normal group, which implies that the surface and projection area together with the shell volume for the four treatment groups and the normal group were equivalent.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

The trial was registered with https://www.researchweb.org/is/sverige, registration number: 220751.

PMID:
31369676
DOI:
10.1093/ejo/cjz054

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center