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J Conserv Dent. 2019 May-Jun;22(3):216-222. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_420_18.

Gutta-percha in endodontics - A comprehensive review of material science.

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Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, D. A. Pandu Memorial RV Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.


The complete and three-dimensional fluid tight seal of the root canal system is the final component of the endodontic triad. The long-standing and closest material which has fulfilled this criterion is gutta-percha (GP). Several materials have been tried and tested as an endodontic filling material, of which GP has been most extensively used for years and has established itself as a gold standard. In addition, it has proved itself successful with different techniques of obturation while maintaining its basic requisites. This article deals briefly with the history and evolution of GP, source, chemical composition, manufacturing, disinfection, cross-reactivity, and advancements in the material.


Endodontics; gutta-percha; material science

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