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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jul 30;16(15). pii: E2723. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16152723.

Contraceptive Behaviors in Polish Women Aged 18-35-a Cross-Sectional Study.

Author information

1
Students' Research Group at the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Starynkiewicz Square 1/3, P.O. Box 02-015 Warsaw, Poland.
2
st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Starynkiewicz Square 1/3, P.O. Box 02-015 Warsaw, Poland. iwona.szymusik@gmail.com.
3
st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Starynkiewicz Square 1/3, P.O. Box 02-015 Warsaw, Poland.

Abstract

The aim was to evaluate contraceptive behaviors, and factors affecting them, in the population of Polish-speaking women. A cross-sectional study was performed on 6763 women, current contraceptive users, aged 18 to 35. An anonymous and voluntary questionnaire written in Polish, containing 33 questions, was distributed online from January to February 2017. The Internet and doctors were the most popular sources of information about contraception (82% and 73%, respectively). Upon choosing contraception, women paid the most attention to its efficacy (85%) and its impact on health (59%). The most common methods were combined oral contraceptives (38%) and condoms (24%). In total, 51% had chosen hormonal contraception, of which 68% experienced side effects. The most frequent were decreased libido (39%) and weight gain (22%). Factors associated with the usage of hormonal or non-hormonal contraception were: education, relationship status, parenthood, number of sexual partners, frequency of intercourses, sources of information about contraception, and factors considered most important when choosing a contraceptive method. The choice between short-acting and long-acting reversible contraception was influenced by age, relationship status, parenthood, smoking, sources of information about contraception, and factors considered most important when choosing a contraceptive method. Wide access to contraception, high-quality education, and counselling should become priorities in family planning healthcare.

KEYWORDS:

contraception; contraception methods; contraceptive counselling; family planning; reproductive health

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