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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2019 Oct 1;317(4):C843-C856. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00144.2019. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Impaired glucose tolerance, glucagon, and insulin responses in mice lacking the loop diuretic-sensitive Nkcc2a transporter.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.
Institute of Physiology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg Germany.


The Na+K+2Cl- cotransporter-2 (Nkcc2, Slc12a1) is abundantly expressed in the kidney and its inhibition with the loop-diuretics bumetanide and furosemide has been linked to transient or permanent hyperglycemia in mice and humans. Notably, Slc12a1 is expressed at low levels in hypothalamic neurons and in insulin-secreting β-cells of the endocrine pancreas. The present study was designed to determine if global elimination of one of the Slc12a1 products, i.e., Nkcc2 variant a (Nkcc2a), the main splice version of Nkcc2 found in insulin-secreting β-cells, has an impact on the insulin and glucagon secretory responses and fuel homeostasis in vivo. We have used dynamic tests of glucose homeostasis in wild-type mice and mice lacking both alleles of Nkcc2a (Nkcc2aKO) and assessed their islet secretory responses in vitro. Under basal conditions, Nkcc2aKO mice have impaired glucose homeostasis characterized by increased blood glucose, intolerance to the sugar, delayed/blunted in vivo insulin and glucagon responses to glucose, and increased glycemic responses to the gluconeogenic substrate alanine. Further, we provide evidence of conserved quantitative secretory responses of Nkcc2aKO islets within a context of increased islet size related to hyperplastic/hypertrophic glucagon- and insulin-positive cells (α-cells and β-cells, respectively), normal total islet Cl- content, and reduced β-cell expression of the Cl- extruder Kcc2.


Slc12a1/Nkcc2a; Slc12a5/Kcc2; glucagon; glucose homeostasis; insulin

[Available on 2020-10-01]

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