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Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2019 Jul 2;76(14):1038-1058. doi: 10.1093/ajhp/zxz099.

ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings: Monitoring and patient education-2018.

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Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA, and University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
College of Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.
American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Bethesda, MD.
Office of Practice Advancement, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Bethesda, MD.



The results of the 2018 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings are presented.


Pharmacy directors at 4,897 general and children's medical-surgical hospitals in the United States were surveyed using a mixed-mode method of contact by mail and email. Survey completion was online using Qualtrics. IMS Health supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from IMS's hospital database.


The response rate was 16.6%. The percentage of hospitals that routinely have pharmacists assigned to provide drug therapy management has increased. Transitions-of-care processes have generally increased over the last 6 years. The percentage of hospitals with pharmacists in a wide variety of clinic types and clinical practice areas has increased over the last 2 years. Opioid stewardship programs are emerging in many U.S. hospitals, with pharmacists participating or taking the lead in program implementation. Outsourcing of compounded sterile product preparation is common. The proportion of hospitals not using any technology when compounding sterile preparations has declined. Pharmacy departments commonly track and monitor trends for administrative, operational, quality, and outcome metrics.


Pharmacists continue to improve drug therapy monitoring for patients in U.S. hospitals. They are also responding to public health issues related to medication use. These advancements include taking an active role in opioid stewardship programs, safe compounding of sterile medications for patients, and reducing the need for hospital-based care.


drug compounding; drug monitoring; hospital; medication therapy management; pharmacovigilance; pharmacy service; quality improvement


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