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Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2019 Jul-Sep;22(3):316-319. doi: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_444_18.

Mineralizing Angiopathy of Lenticulostriate Arteries with Infantile Basal Ganglia Infarct Following Minor Head Trauma: A Case Series.

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1
Department of Neurology, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Acute arterial ischemic stroke after minor head trauma has been reported in the past, mostly in infants. Most of these affected children had basal ganglia infarct on imaging. Investigations for other etiologies of stroke were noncontributory in most of the cases. Thin-slice computed tomography scan may show mineralizing angiopathy of lenticulostriate arteries. We report a clinical series of four infants who presented with the classical features of this distinct clinico-radiological entity. Clinical characteristics and risk factors at the time of stroke were described in detail. The long-term outcome on standard antiplatelet therapy is reported. None of the children had stroke recurrence during follow-up. The current literature on this clinico-radiological syndrome is reviewed in detail. In the typical cases, extensive etiological workup may not be warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Basal ganglia infarcts; head trauma; lenticulostriate arteries; mineralizing angiopathy; stroke

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