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Med Health Care Philos. 2019 Jul 29. doi: 10.1007/s11019-019-09912-8. [Epub ahead of print]

The right to refuse diagnostics and treatment planning by artificial intelligence.

Author information

1
Department of Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics and Philosophy of Science, Aalborg University Copenhagen, A. C. Meyers Vænge 15, 2450, Copenhagen, SV, Denmark. ploug@hum.aau.dk.
2
Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, School of Law, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.
3
Faculty of Medicine, Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

In an analysis of artificially intelligent systems for medical diagnostics and treatment planning we argue that patients should be able to exercise a right to withdraw from AI diagnostics and treatment planning for reasons related to (1) the physician's role in the patients' formation of and acting on personal preferences and values, (2) the bias and opacity problem of AI systems, and (3) rational concerns about the future societal effects of introducing AI systems in the health care sector.

KEYWORDS:

Artificial intelligence; Bias and discrimination; Health care; Rational concern; Right to refuse

PMID:
31359302
DOI:
10.1007/s11019-019-09912-8

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