Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2019 Oct;54:46-53. doi: 10.1016/j.iccn.2019.07.001. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Effects of a visit prior to hospital admission on anxiety, depression and satisfaction of patients in an intensive care unit.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
2
School of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: ribebeva@ucm.es.
3
School of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: anguloca@enf.ucm.es.
4
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain. Electronic address: marta.losa@urjc.es.
5
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain.
6
Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: daniellopez@udc.es.
7
Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of León, Ponferrada, León, Spain. Electronic address: cecalvo19@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effects of a vists prior to hospital admission on anxiety, depression and satisfaction of patients admitted electively to an intensive care unit (ICU).

DESIGN:

A randomised clinical trial [NCT03605407].

SETTING:

A sample of 38 patients was recruited who were to be electively admiited to ICU divided into experimental (n = 19 patients receiving one visit prior to hospital ICU admission for surgery) and control (n = 19 patients not receiving a visit prior to hospital ICU admission for surgery) groups.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) were self-reported by patients before ICU admission, at 3-days and 90-days after ICU discharge. Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI) and Family Satisfaction with Care in the Intensive Care Unit (FS-ICU) were used to measure the users' satisfaction before ICU admission and 3-days after ICU discharge.

RESULTS:

There were statistically significant differences between experimental and control groups for FS-ICU, but not for HADS, IES-R and CCFNI. Indeed, control group patients were more satisfied with regard to emotional support, ease of getting information, control feeling, concerns and questions expression ability and overall score for decision-making satisfaction.

CONCLUSIONS:

The visit prior to hospital admission did not seem to modify anxiety or depression, but may impair satisfaction of ICU patients.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Depression; Early intervention (Education); Intensive care units; Patient satisfaction

PMID:
31358482
DOI:
10.1016/j.iccn.2019.07.001

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center