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Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2019 Sep;42(3):375-387. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2019.05.008. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Developmental Approaches to Faculty Development.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room FG-62, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada. Electronic address:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics, Tulane University, 1430 Tulane Avenue, #8055, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.
Department of Radiology, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Suite 3100, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Room 1119, Stanford, CA 94305-5719, USA.
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0984-APC, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Mental Health, Northern California Veterans Administration Health Care System, University of California Davis, 10535 Hospital Way, Mather, CA 95655, USA.


An academic career goes through developmental stages and faculty have different needs as they progress through these stages. Faculty development initiatives can target these developmental needs. Early career faculty develop their clinical and academic identities and benefit from orientation programs and mentorship. Mid-career faculty engage in role transitions, consolidating their careers, and focusing on productivity and generativity. They benefit from programs that provide new skills, including leadership skills. Advanced career faculty focus on professional-personal integration, contributing to a community, and changes in roles and power. They can benefit from mentorship, from peers locally and at a distance.


Developmental stages; Early career; Faculty development; Late career; Mid-career


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