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Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2019 Sep;42(3):357-373. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2019.05.001. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

A Historical Review of Key Events and Components of Faculty and Professional Development in Psychiatry.

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Mental Health, Northern California Veterans Administration Health Care System, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California Davis, 10535 Hospital Way, Mather, CA 95655, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, MC A011-04, 13001 East 17th Place, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0984-APC, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Student Affairs and Admissions, School of Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Ashbel Smith Building, Suite 1.210. 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555-1307, USA.
Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge Health Alliance, Harvard University School of Medicine, Cambridge Hospital, 1493 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School.


Psychiatry's evolution has entailed clinical, educational, research, and administrative missions. Faculty development efforts concern ways in which professional identity, attitudes and skills are transmitted and enhanced from generation to generation. Top-down efforts by national and international organizations and bottom-up movements by individuals in numerous local settings have helped faculty and guided the profession forward. Organizations have provided new faculty with access to mentors and peers across the country, training opportunities, and up-to-date information on emerging scientific, pedagogical, and regulatory trends. Additional innovations and evaluation regarding best practices for faculty development initiatives in psychiatry are needed.


Apprentice; Career; Development; Faculty; History; Organization; Profession; Psychiatry


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