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BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Jul 29;19(1):530. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4338-0.

Evaluation of a community of practice for speech-language pathologists in aphasia rehabilitation: a logic analysis.

Author information

1
School of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. christine.alary.gauvreau@umontreal.ca.
2
Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal (CRIR), Montreal, Quebec, Canada. christine.alary.gauvreau@umontreal.ca.
3
Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital, Centre intégré de santé et de services sociaux de Laval, Laval, Quebec, Canada. christine.alary.gauvreau@umontreal.ca.
4
School of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
5
Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal (CRIR), Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
6
School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aphasia is a communication disorder affecting participation. Although there are evidence-based practice recommendations about participation and aphasia rehabilitation, it may be challenging for speech-language pathologists to ensure that rehabilitation activities have an impact on the person's participation, in part due to time limitations. Participation remains limited after rehabilitation for persons who have aphasia. Communities of practice (CoPs) are a collaborative knowledge transfer strategy that can be used for evidence-based practice implementation. The aim of this study was to describe the components and evaluate a CoP for speech-language pathologists about participation and aphasia rehabilitation.

METHODS:

Logic analysis was used to determine the adequacy between resources, implemented activities, outputs and short-term outcomes of the CoP. Qualitative and quantitative descriptive data were collected through observation and participants' logbooks. Outputs and outcomes of the CoP were revealed through thematic analysis and interpretation of descriptive statistics.

RESULTS:

Resources including CoP design and educational aims, human and material resources were combined to create various web-based, online and offline activities. Participants invested more time per week than expected in the CoP, shared and created clinical tools and appreciated the array of suggested activities. Participant engagement allowed them to reflect, interact and collaborate with each other. All 13 participants reported they acquired knowledge about clinical tools and 12 mentioned they reflected on their practice. While the CoP was ongoing, six participants noticed evidence-practice gaps, seven prepared to change their practice, and three changed their practice towards including more participation-based considerations.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study showed that speech-language pathologists can include more participation-based approaches in aphasia rehabilitation as a result of participating in a time-bound, web-based CoP.

KEYWORDS:

Aphasia; Community of practice; Continuing education; Knowledge transfer; Logic analysis; Participation; Qualitative thematic analysis; Rehabilitation; Speech-language pathology

PMID:
31358002
PMCID:
PMC6664764
DOI:
10.1186/s12913-019-4338-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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