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Antioxidants (Basel). 2019 Jul 26;8(8). pii: E247. doi: 10.3390/antiox8080247.

Therapeutic Perspective of Vitamin C and Its Derivatives.

Author information

1
Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Marulićev trg 20, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. amescic@fkit.hr.
2
Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Marulićev trg 20, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Abstract

L-Ascorbic acid (ASA), vitamin C, is a ubiquitous carbohydrate-like compound that has an essential role in a number of cellular processes, such as collagen synthesis, cellular oxidation, and various hydroxylation reactions. ASA is a biomolecule of critical importance for protection of cellular components against oxidative damage caused by toxic free radicals and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are involved in the development of various types of chronic diseases. Vitamin C has a switchover role from being an antioxidant in physiological conditions to a prooxidant under pathologic conditions. Moreover, some l-ascorbic acid derivatives exhibit strong and selective antitumor and antiviral activity. This review emphasizes the advances on diverse and potent biological profiles of l-ascorbic acid and its derivatives, and their perspective in the development of new bioactive chemical entities in the future. The work is primarily addressed at antioxidant, anticancer, and antiviral potencies of l-ascorbic acid and compounds containing its butenolide structural motif.

KEYWORDS:

anticancer; antioxidant; antitumor; antiviral; butenolide; l-ascorbic acid; vitamin C

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