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Exp Dermatol. 2019 Jul 27. doi: 10.1111/exd.14012. [Epub ahead of print]

Modulators of the endocannabinoid system influence skin barrier repair, epidermal proliferation, differentiation and inflammation in a mouse model.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, University of Kiel, 24105, Kiel, Germany.
2
Dr. August Wolff GmbH & Co. KG, Arzneimittel, Bielefeld, Germany.

Abstract

Endocannabinoids (ECs) are important regulators of cell signaling. Cannabinoid receptors are involved in keratinocyte proliferation/differentiation. Elevation of the endogenous cannabinoid tone leads to strong anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we explored the influence of endocannabinoid system (ECS) modulators on skin permeability barrier repair, epidermal proliferation, differentiation and inflammation in hairless mice. We used WOBE440, a selective fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor, WOL067-531, an inhibitor of endocannabinoid reuptake with no relevant FAAH activity, which both signal via cannabinoid receptor-1and 2 (CB-1R and CB-2R) and compared them to WOBE15 which signals via CB-2R. Barrier disruption and skin irritation were induced by tape-stripping or by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) patch-testing. Immediately after barrier disruption 30 μl of 0.5% WOBE440, WOL067-531 and WOBE15 solutions or the vehicle were applied topically. Barrier repair was monitored by transepidermal water loss (TEWL) at 1.5, 3, 5, and 7 hours. We found that barrier repair was significantly delayed by WOL067-531. A tendency for a delay was noticed for WOBE440, whereas for WOBE15 no effect was observed. Immuno-histology showed that the tape-stripping-induced increase in epidermal proliferation and filaggrin expression were significantly reduced by topical applications of WOL067-531 and WOBE440, but not by WOBE15. Also, the SDS-induced inflammation, as determined by the number of inflammatory cells, was reduced by WOL067-531 and WOBE440. In summary, we showed that WOL067-531 exhibits a significant effect on skin barrier repair, epidermal proliferation/differentiation and inflammation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Endocannabinoid system modulators; epidermal differentiation; epidermal proliferation; inflammation; permeability barrier

PMID:
31350927
DOI:
10.1111/exd.14012

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