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Eur J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul 26:1120672119865699. doi: 10.1177/1120672119865699. [Epub ahead of print]

Clinical outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction versus advanced surface ablation in low myopia.

Author information

1
1 Center for Refractive Surgery, Eye Department, St. Francis Hospital, Münster, Germany.
2
2 University Eye Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the visual and refractive outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction and advanced surface ablation for low myopia or myopic astigmatism.

METHODS:

Retrospective, observational case series of our first 50 consecutive small incision lenticule extraction patients compared to refraction-matched 50 advanced surface ablation treatments with attempted spherical equivalent correction ⩽-3.5 D, astigmatism ⩽-1.5 D, and corrected distance visual acuity of 1.0 (decimal scale) or better. Only one eye per patient was included.

RESULTS:

Small incision lenticule extraction: mean attempted spherical equivalent correction was -2.80 ± 0.63 D. Uncorrected distance visual acuity was 0.85 and 1.0 at days 1 and 5, respectively. At 3 months, mean spherical equivalent refraction was 0.02 ± 0.32 D (range: -0.5 to +0.75 D), mean cylinder was -0.24 ± 0.21 D (range: 0 to -0.75 D), mean uncorrected distance visual acuity was 1.27, mean efficacy index was 0.96, and mean safety index was 1.05. Uncorrected distance visual acuity was same or better than corrected distance visual acuity in 96%, astigmatism ⩽0.5 D in 98% and ⩽1 D in 100% of eyes, respectively. Advanced surface ablation: mean attempted spherical equivalent correction was -2.75 ± 0.5 D. Uncorrected distance visual acuity was 0.72 and 0.61 at days 1 and 5, respectively. At 3 months, mean spherical equivalent refraction was 0.22 ± 0.32 D, mean cylinder was -0.27 ± 0.27 D, mean uncorrected distance visual acuity was 1.21, mean efficacy index was 1.03, and mean safety index was 1.08.

CONCLUSION:

Small incision lenticule extraction for low myopia was found to be safe and effective with outcomes at 3 months similar to those obtained with advanced surface ablation while offering a quicker visual recovery.

KEYWORDS:

Small incision lenticule extraction; advanced surface ablation; low myopia

PMID:
31347395
DOI:
10.1177/1120672119865699

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