Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr (Rio J). 2018 Jul 4. pii: S0021-7557(18)30119-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2018.05.013. [Epub ahead of print]

Prevalence and causes of congenital microcephaly in the absence of a Zika virus outbreak in southern Brazil.

Author information

1
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina em Ciências Médicas, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
2
Universidade do Vale do Taquari (UNIVATES), Faculdade de Medicina, Lajeado, RS, Brazil; Sistema Nacional de Informação sobre Agentes Teratogênicos (SIAT), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
3
Sistema Nacional de Informação sobre Agentes Teratogênicos (SIAT), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Serviço de Genética Médica, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Faculdade de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Genética, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
4
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Serviço de Pediatria, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
5
Secretaria de Saúde do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (SES/RS), Centro Estadual de Vigilância em Saúde (CEVS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
6
Sistema Nacional de Informação sobre Agentes Teratogênicos (SIAT), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Programa de Pós-gradução em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
7
Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Serviço de Genética Médica, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
8
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina em Ciências Médicas, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Serviço de Genética Médica, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Genética, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
9
Sistema Nacional de Informação sobre Agentes Teratogênicos (SIAT), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Serviço de Genética Médica, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Programa de Pós-gradução em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia de Genética Médica Populacional (INaGeMP), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Genética, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: lavinia.faccini@ufrgs.br.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to identify the causes of congenital microcephaly in Rio Grande do Sul, a state in southern Brazil, where no ZIKV outbreak was detected, from December 2015 to December 2016, which was the period when ZIKV infection was at its peak in northeast Brazil.

METHODS:

This was a cross-sectional study where all notifications of congenital microcephaly in the state of Rio Grande do Sul were included for analysis. Evaluation of cases followed the guidelines of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Dysmorphological and neurological evaluations were performed by a specialized team, and genetic tests and neuroimaging were performed when clinically indicated. STORCH infections were diagnosed using standard tests. ZIKV infection was diagnosed through maternal serum RT-PCR and/or neuroimaging associated with clinical/epidemiological criteria.

RESULTS:

From 153744 registered live births in the study period, 148 cases were notified, but 90 (60.8%) of those were later excluded as "non-confirmed" microcephaly. In the 58 confirmed cases of microcephaly (prevalence = 3.8/10000 live births), congenital infections (syphilis, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, and ZIKV) constituted the predominant etiology (50.0%), followed by isolated CNS (15.5%), and genetic syndromes (10.3%). Congenital ZIKV syndrome (CZS) with typical phenotype was diagnosed in three cases (5.2% of all confirmed microcephaly cases or 10.4% of all congenital infections).

CONCLUSION:

In Rio Grande do Sul, where no outbreak of ZIKV infection was recorded, congenital infections were the leading cause of congenital microcephaly, and the attributable risk for CZS in the etiology of microcephaly was 5.2%.

KEYWORDS:

Congenital infection; Infecção congênita; Microcefalia; Microcephaly; ZIKV

PMID:
31340900
DOI:
10.1016/j.jped.2018.05.013
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria
Loading ...
Support Center