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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2019 Jul 18;27:e3157. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.2877.3157.

The role of social support in the psychological illness of women.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish; Abstract available in Portuguese and Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Fundação Hermínio Ometto, Araras, SP, Brasil.
2
Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Centro Colaborador da OPAS/OMS para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Enfermagem, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.
3
Bolsista da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Brasil.
4
University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, EUA.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

to analyze the relationship between perception of social support and emotional and physical symptoms associated with psychiatric conditions among women.

METHOD:

a cross-sectional, quantitative study was carried out with a randomized random sample of 141 women attended at a Family Health Unit of the city of Ribeirão Preto/SP. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Social Support Questionnaire and the Self-Report Questionnaire were used.

RESULTS:

there was no association between sociodemographic characteristics and mental disorder, but between aspects such as low income and schooling. The exercise of professions culturally considered as of low prestige gave rise to some reflections related to gender inequality. There was a significant difference in the satisfaction scores between the women who reported or not the symptoms of tiredness and sadness and the number of supporters among those who reported or not the symptom of fatigue. Spouses and children were the most mentioned supporters, and having mental disorder was significantly associated with having no friends in the support network.

CONCLUSION:

issues related to gender equity and satisfaction with social support are important aspects of care. For the promotion of mental health, efforts must be made to make women feel more connected and supported by the supporters available in their social environment.

PMID:
31340345
PMCID:
PMC6687359
DOI:
10.1590/1518-8345.2877.3157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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