Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Vet Res. 2019 Aug;80(8):727-735. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.80.8.727.

Evaluation of allometric scaling as a tool for extrapolation of the enrofloxacin dose in American black vultures (Coragyps atratus).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin after IV administration in American black vultures (Coragyps atratus), to compare clearance of enrofloxacin in American black vultures with clearance of this fluoroquinolone in other avian species, and to evaluate whether allometric scaling is an appropriate tool for dose extrapolation in avian species.

ANIMALS:

6 healthy adult American black vultures.

PROCEDURES:

Enrofloxacin concentrations were quantified by use of high-performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin was determined in American black vultures after IV administration. Pharmacokinetic parameters for 12 avian species obtained from 24 pharmacokinetic studies were used. Allometric analysis of enrofloxacin pharmacokinetic parameters was performed.

RESULTS:

Volume of distribution at steady state for enrofloxacin was 3.47 L/kg, clearance was 0.147 L/h·kg, and elimination half-life was 18.3 hours. Comparisons among avian species revealed that American black vultures had the lowest extraction ratio for enrofloxacin (1.04%). Only the volume of distribution at steady state and clearance had a good allometric fit. Goodness of fit was improved when ratites were not included in the analysis.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Results suggested that the use of allometric scaling for the prediction of volume of distribution at steady state could provide a suitable method for extrapolation of enrofloxacin doses among avian species; however, allometric scaling could not be used to adequately predict the clearance of enrofloxacin.

PMID:
31339763
DOI:
10.2460/ajvr.80.8.727

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center