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Microbiology. 2019 Oct;165(10):1095-1106. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.000835.

Comparative biochemical and structural analysis of the flavin-binding dodecins from Streptomyces davaonensis and Streptomyces coelicolor reveals striking differences with regard to multimerization.

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Institute of Organic Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Institute for Technical Microbiology, Faculty for Biotechnology, Mannheim University of Applied Sciences, 68163 Mannheim, Germany.
Unit for Structural Biology, Department of Chemistry and Biology, Philipps University Marburg, 35032 Marburg, Germany.


Dodecins are small flavin-binding proteins that are widespread amongst haloarchaeal and bacterial species. Haloarchaeal dodecins predominantly bind riboflavin, while bacterial dodecins have been reported to bind riboflavin-5'-phosphate, also called flavin mononucleotide (FMN), and the FMN derivative, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). Dodecins form dodecameric complexes and represent buffer systems for cytoplasmic flavins. In this study, dodecins of the bacteria Streptomyces davaonensis (SdDod) and Streptomyces coelicolor (ScDod) were investigated. Both dodecins showed an unprecedented low affinity for riboflavin, FMN and FAD when compared to other bacterial dodecins. Significant binding of FMN and FAD occurred at relatively low temperatures and under acidic conditions. X-ray diffraction analyses of SdDod and ScDod revealed that the structures of both Streptomyces dodecins are highly similar, which explains their similar binding properties for FMN and FAD. In contrast, SdDod and ScDod showed very different properties with regard to the stability of their dodecameric complexes. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments revealed that a specific salt bridge (D10-K62) is responsible for this difference in stability.


Streptomyces davaonensis; dodecin; riboflavin; roseoflavin

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