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Thromb Haemost. 1988 Apr 8;59(2):329-32.

Daytime fluctuations in blood of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and its fast-acting inhibitor (PAI-1).

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  • 1Gaubius Institute TNO, Leiden, The Netherlands.


Circadian fluctuation in blood fibrinolytic activity was studied in 10 volunteers in the day-time period at 09.00, 12.00 and 15.00 h. Activity of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was found to increase from 09.00 to 15.00 h in accordance with known results with global assays of blood activity. Also, activity and antigen of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and antigen of t-PA showed fluctuations but with an opposite pattern to that of t-PA activity, with highest levels in the morning and lowest ones in the afternoon. Activity of a reversible t-PA inhibitor was constant. The discordance between fluctuations in antigen and in activity of t-PA is attributed to the inhibitory effect of PAI-1 on t-PA activity. It is concluded that the appearance into the blood of t-PA and PAI-1 shows a daytime fluctuation with a similar pattern, suggesting a co-ordinated circadian fluctuation in production of both proteins by endothelial cells.

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