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Nat Commun. 2019 Jul 22;10(1):3268. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-11211-y.

Gram-scale total synthesis of teixobactin promoting binding mode study and discovery of more potent antibiotics.

Author information

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, China.
2
Antimicrobial Discovery Center, Northeastern University, Department of Biology, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
3
Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, Haidian District, 100084, Beijing, China.
4
Center for Infectious Disease Research, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
5
MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, China. yrao@tsinghua.edu.cn.

Abstract

Teixobactin represents a new class of antibiotics with novel structure and excellent activity against Gram-positive pathogens and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Herein, we report a one-pot reaction to conveniently construct the key building block L-allo-Enduracidine in 30-gram scale in just one hour  and a convergent strategy (3 + 2 + 6) to accomplish a gram-scale total synthesis of teixobactin. Several analogs are described, with 20 and 26 identified as the most efficacious analogs with 3~8-fold and 2~4-fold greater potency against vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecalis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus respectively in comparison with teixobactin. In addition, they show high efficiency in Streptococcus pneumoniae septicemia mouse model and neutropenic mouse thigh infection model using methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. We also propose that the antiparallel β-sheet of teixobactin is important for its bioactivity and an antiparallel dimer of teixobactin is the minimal binding unit for lipid II via key amino acids variations and molecular docking.

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