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Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2019 Oct;52(5):923-936. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2019.06.005. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Innovations in Airway Surgery.

Author information

1
Pediatric Otolaryngology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2018, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.
2
Pediatric Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, CW-5702 (SPC 4241), 1540 East Hospital Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-4241, USA.
3
Pediatric Otolaryngology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2018, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. Electronic address: Catherine.hart@cchmc.org.

Abstract

The management of pediatric airway stenosis has evolved considerably over time. At the outset, dilation was the mainstay of management. In the 1900s, open surgery in the form of cricoid expansion procedures or resection procedures was the primary treatment with subsequent development of the slide tracheoplasty. Now in the twenty-first century, advances in endoscopic management, balloon dilation, and stenting, along with the advent of external scaffolds and tissue replacement continue to advance pediatric airway surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Airway stenosis; Balloon dilation; Endoscopic; Scaffolds; Stents; Tissue replacement; Tracheobronchomalacia

PMID:
31320105
DOI:
10.1016/j.otc.2019.06.005

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