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J Cell Biochem. 2019 Nov;120(11):18901-18909. doi: 10.1002/jcb.29210. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Germacrone attenuates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats via antioxidative and antiapoptotic mechanisms.

Wu T1,2, Yin F1, Kong H1,3, Peng J1.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
2
Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Hunan Children's Hospital, The Paediatric Academy of University of South China, Changsha, Hunan, China.
3
Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Abstract

Germacrone (GM) is an anti-inflammatory compound extracted from Rhizoma curcuma. Here, we strived to investigate the neuroprotective effects of GM in rat models of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion injury. Rats immediately after cerebral ischemia were intraperitoneally injected with GM at doses of 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg. After 1 day of reperfusion, the water content in the brain, infarct volume, and neurological deficits were assessed. Hippocampus neurons were histopathologically examined by hematoxylin and eosin and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining. Activities of glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) in brain tissue were detected. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were utilized to quantify the expression of apoptosis markers, such as caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2. The content of phospho-Akt (p-Akt) was also measured using Western blotting. GM treatment markedly decreased the brain water content, infarct volume and the neurological deficits, which was corroborated by attenuated histopathologic change. MDA levels were reduced and activities of GSH, SOD, and GSH-PX were elevated after GM treatment. Caspase-3 and Bax were decreased, and Bcl-2 was increased at both messenger RNA and protein levels by GM treatment. The p-Akt expression was increased by GM. Our data indicated that the neuroprotective effects of GM may attenuate the injuries from cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in rats through antioxidative and antiapoptotic mechanisms.

KEYWORDS:

antiapoptosis; antioxidative; cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R); germacrone

PMID:
31318092
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.29210

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