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Endocrine. 2019 Nov;66(2):301-309. doi: 10.1007/s12020-019-02011-x. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Physical exercise improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with acromegaly: a 12-week follow-up study.

Author information

1
Rehabilitation Sciences Post-graduate Programme, Augusto Motta University Centre (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2
Neuroendocrinology Research Centre/Endocrinology Section, Medical School and Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital, Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3
Neuroendocrine Unit, Paulo Niemeyer State Brain Institute, Secretary of State for Health of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
4
Rehabilitation Sciences Post-graduate Programme, Augusto Motta University Centre (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. agnaldolopes.uerj@gmail.com.
5
Post-graduate Programme in Medical Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, State University of the Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. agnaldolopes.uerj@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Although the focus of acromegaly treatment is the hormonal control of the disease, a new perspective must be given to the functional rehabilitation of these patients, especially when considering the recent increase in survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of therapist-oriented home rehabilitation (TOHR) on patients with acromegaly.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Seventeen adults with acromegaly followed an exercise programme from a booklet with instructions for each exercise prescribed, for 2 months, and were reassessed after 1 month of washout. At each of the 3 timepoints (before and after the intervention and at the 1-month follow-up), the participants were subjected to the following assessments: body composition through bioimpedance, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the Acromegaly Quality of Life (AcroQoL) questionnaire, general fatigue through the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue scale, handgrip strength, lower extremity functionality using isometric dynamometry and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), body balance through stabilometry, and functional capacity through 6-minute walking distance (6MWD).

RESULTS:

After performing TOHR, improvements in general fatigue, quadriceps muscle strength, LEFS, 6MWD, balance control and all AcroQoL dimensions were observed (all Pā€‰<ā€‰0.05). After 1 month of washout, however, these gains were lost for all parameters, except the LEFS and balance control.

CONCLUSIONS:

In acromegaly, TOHR results in improvements in muscle function, functional capacity, general fatigue, body balance, and HRQoL. Large randomized controlled trials are needed to replicate these benefits and to recommend rehabilitation, especially for those with long-term illness.

KEYWORDS:

Acromegaly; Exercise; Muscles; Quality of life; Rehabilitation

PMID:
31317523
DOI:
10.1007/s12020-019-02011-x

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