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Sci Rep. 2019 Jul 16;9(1):10311. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46605-x.

IFT88 controls NuMA enrichment at k-fibers minus-ends to facilitate their re-anchoring into mitotic spindles.

Author information

1
CRBM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, Centrosome, cilia and pathologies Lab, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier, France. nicolastaulet@hotmail.com.
2
CRBM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, Centrosome, cilia and pathologies Lab, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier, France.
3
Montpellier Ressources Imagerie, CRBM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier, France.
4
CRBM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, Centrosome, cilia and pathologies Lab, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier, France. benedicte.delaval@crbm.cnrs.fr.

Abstract

To build and maintain mitotic spindle architecture, molecular motors exert spatially regulated forces on microtubules (MT) minus-ends. This spatial regulation is required to allow proper chromosomes alignment through the organization of kinetochore fibers (k-fibers). NuMA was recently shown to target dynactin to MT minus-ends and thus to spatially regulate dynein activity. However, given that k-fibers are embedded in the spindle, our understanding of the machinery involved in the targeting of proteins to their minus-ends remains limited. Intraflagellar transport (IFT) proteins were primarily studied for their ciliary roles but they also emerged as key regulators of cell division. Taking advantage of MT laser ablation, we show here that IFT88 concentrates at k-fibers minus-ends and is required for their re-anchoring into spindles by controlling NuMA accumulation. Indeed, IFT88 interacts with NuMA and is required for its enrichment at newly generated k-fibers minus-ends. Combining nocodazole washout experiments and IFT88 depletion, we further show that IFT88 is required for the reorganization of k-fibers into spindles and thus for efficient chromosomes alignment in mitosis. Overall, we propose that IFT88 could serve as a mitotic MT minus-end adaptor to concentrate NuMA at minus-ends thus facilitating k-fibers incorporation into the main spindle.

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