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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Sep 10;517(1):36-42. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.06.159. Epub 2019 Jul 13.

Differential escape mechanisms in cetuximab-resistant head and neck cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35249, USA.
2
PamGene International, 's-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands.
3
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35249, USA. Electronic address: gesims@uabmc.edu.

Abstract

Acquired cetuximab resistance is a challenge for oncologists treating advanced head and neck carcinoma (HNC). While intrinsic cetuximab resistance mechanism in colorectal cancer is known, resistance in HNC is unclear. We established two different cetuximab resistant HNC cell lines by culturing epidermal growth factor (EGFR) expressing UM-SCC-1 and UM-SCC-6 cell lines in the presence of 5 μg/ml cetuximab. We then explored potential mechanisms of resistance. We found that the 2 cell lines developed resistance by different mechanisms. Specifically, we found that UM-SCC-1 resistant cells (UM-SCC-1R) showed enhanced EGF-induced downstream signals while UM-SCC-6 resistant cells (UM-SCC-6R) demonstrated EGF-independent signaling. Global kinase activity (kinomic) profiling revealed unique signaling differences in the two resistant cell lines. However, both of the resistant lines demonstrated increased phospho-serine 727 and total STAT3 expression compared to the parental lines. STAT3 knockdown promoted increased cytotoxicity both in the presence and absence of cetuximab in the resistant lines suggesting that STAT3 may be a common target in cetuximab resistance.

KEYWORDS:

Cetuximab; Epidermal growth factor receptor; Head and neck cancer; Kinomic profiling; STAT3

PMID:
31311651
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.06.159

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