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Appl Neuropsychol Adult. 2019 Jul 16:1-6. doi: 10.1080/23279095.2019.1640697. [Epub ahead of print]

Road accidents in young adults with ADHD: Which factors can explain the occurrence of injuries in drivers with ADHD and how to prevent it?

Author information

1
a EA 4430 Clipsyd, Paris Nanterre University , Nanterre Cedex , France.
2
b Clinique des Maladies Mentales et de l'Enc├ęphale (CMME) Sainte Anne Hospital Center, INSERM unit U-894 , Paris , France.
3
c University Center of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Research Unit, Henri Laborit Hospital Center, Poitiers University , Poitiers , France.

Abstract

Some 1.35 million people die and more than 50 million are injured or disabled from road accidents annually across the globe. Driving is a complex task with multiple complex cognitive functions, including perception, motor coordination, and executive function. Thus, driving can be a significant challenge for patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common neurodevelopmental disorder with cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity, and executive dysfunction. Undoubtedly, risk of car accidents is higher in people with ADHD. The aim of this article is to explore factors that could explain the occurrence of road accidents in patients with ADHD and to highlight prevention points. Indeed, reduction of risky driving is an important priority for public health.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; prevention; risk-taking; therapeutic management; traffic accidents; young drivers

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