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Sci Rep. 2019 Jul 15;9(1):10167. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46625-7.

Increase in weighting of vision vs. proprioception associated with force field adaptation.

Author information

1
Department of Kinesiology & Program in Neuroscience, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, USA.
2
Department of Kinesiology & Program in Neuroscience, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, USA. hjblock@indiana.edu.

Abstract

Hand position can be estimated by vision and proprioception (position sense). The brain is thought to weight and integrate these percepts to form a multisensory estimate of hand position with which to guide movement. Force field adaptation, a type of cerebellum-dependent motor learning, is associated with both motor and proprioceptive changes. The cerebellum has connections with multisensory parietal regions; however, it is unknown if force adaptation is associated with changes in multisensory perception. If force adaptation affects all relevant sensory modalities similarly, the brain's weighting of vision vs. proprioception should be maintained. Alternatively, if force perturbation is interpreted as somatosensory unreliability, vision may be up-weighted relative to proprioception. We assessed visuo-proprioceptive weighting with a perceptual estimation task before and after subjects performed straight-ahead reaches grasping a robotic manipulandum. Each subject performed one session with a clockwise or counter-clockwise velocity-dependent force field, and one session in a null field. Subjects increased their weight of vision vs. proprioception in the force field session relative to the null session, regardless of force field direction, in the straight-ahead dimension (F1,44 = 5.13, p = 0.029). This suggests that force field adaptation is associated with an increase in the brain's weighting of vision vs. proprioception.

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