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Cell Immunol. 1988 Apr 15;113(1):130-42.

Interleukin-2-induced production of interferon-gamma by resting human T cells and large granular lymphocytes: requirement for accessory cell factors, including interleukin-1.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, England.

Abstract

Between 5 and 20% of normal human lymphocytes were found to synthesize interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in primary cultures with recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2). After 22 hr, IFN-gamma-producing cells included CD5+ T lymphocytes, CD16+ large granular lymphocytes (LGL), and a population of CD5-, CD16- blast cells. Only a small proportion (0-7%) of IFN-gamma-synthesizing cells expressed HLA-DR. The production of IFN-gamma by all rIL-2-responding lymphocyte subsets was shown to require the presence of DR+ accessory cells, probably including nonadherent, esterase-negative monocytes and/or dendritic cells. Accessory cell function in lymphocyte preparations depleted of DR+ cells, or in purified (greater than or equal to 95%) suspensions of LGL, was fully replaced either by addition of 2% autologous, adherent monocytes or by monocyte culture supernatant. The activity of monocyte supernatant was greatly reduced by treatment with antiserum specific for human interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), although a combination of rIL-1 beta and rIL-2 failed to stimulate IFN-gamma production in DR- lymphocytes. These results indicate that rIL-2-induced IFN-gamma synthesis in both T cells and LGL requires the synergistic activity of IL-1, and possibly of one or more other monokines, as yet unidentified.

PMID:
3130193
DOI:
10.1016/0008-8749(88)90012-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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