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Sex Med. 2019 Sep;7(3):251-269. doi: 10.1016/j.esxm.2019.06.001. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Interventions to Treat Erectile Dysfunction and Premature Ejaculation: An Overview of Systematic Reviews.

Author information

1
Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Managed Care Network, Public Health Directory, NHS Tayside, Kings Cross Hospital, Dundee, United Kingdom. Electronic address: oanaciocanel@nhs.net.
2
Adult Psychological Therapies Service, NHS Tayside, Dundee, United Kingdom.
3
Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Managed Care Network, Public Health Directory, NHS Tayside, Kings Cross Hospital, Dundee, United Kingdom.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Sexual dysfunction in men is common, and optimal treatment is complex. Although several systematic reviews concerning treatment approaches exist, a comprehensive overview without limitations concerning the population, interventions, or outcomes is lacking.

AIM:

To conduct a "review of reviews" to compare the effectiveness of pharmacologic, non-pharmacologic, and combined interventions.

METHODS:

9 electronic databases, relevant journals, and reference lists up to July 2018 were searched. For each intervention, only the most recent and comprehensive meta-analysis or systematic review was included. The methodologic quality of the reviews was appraised using the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews-2 tool.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Sexual functioning (via intravaginal ejaculatory latency time and international index of erectile function), sexual satisfaction, and adverse effects.

RESULTS:

30 systematic reviews were included. For premature ejaculation, several treatments, including oral pharmacotherapy (selective serotonin inhibitors, phosphodiesterase type 5 [PDE5] inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, and opioid analgesics), topical anesthetics, and combined drug and behavioral therapies demonstrated significant improvements of 1-5 minutes in the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time. Pharmacologic interventions (PDE5 inhibitors, penile injection, and testosterone), shockwave therapy, lifestyle modifications, and combined therapies (PDE5 inhibitors and psychological intervention) were effective in treating erectile dysfunction. Most pharmacologic therapies were associated with adverse effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is suggestive evidence that pharmacologic interventions or combined therapies are more effective than non-pharmacologic interventions for treating sexual dysfunction in men; however, a range of treatment options should be presented to individual patients so they may consider the risks and benefits of treatments differently. Evidence related to behavioral and psychological interventions is insufficient compared with that related to drug trials, highlighting the necessity for larger and better randomized controlled trials. Ciocanel O, Power K, Eriksen A. Interventions to Treat Erectile Dysfunction and Premature Ejaculation: An Overview of Systematic Reviews. Sex Med 2019;7:251-269.

KEYWORDS:

Erectile Dysfunction; Premature Ejaculation; Sexual Health; Systematic Review

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