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J Agric Food Chem. 2019 Jul 24;67(29):8227-8234. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02680. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Lipoamide Ameliorates Oxidative Stress via Induction of Nrf2/ARE Signaling Pathway in PC12 Cells.

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State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Lanzhou University , Lanzhou , Gansu 730000 , China.


The mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative diseases are not fully understood yet. However, an increasing amount of evidence has suggested that these disorders are related to oxidative stress. We reported herein that lipoamide (LM), a neutral amide derivative of lipoic acid (LA), could resist oxidative stress-mediated neuronal cell damage. LM is more potent than LA in alleviating hydrogen peroxide- or 6-hydroxydopamine-induced PC12 cell injury. Our results reveal that LM promotes the nuclear accumulation of NFE2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), following with the activation of expression of Nrf2-governed antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes. Notably, silencing Nrf2 gene annuls the protection of LM, which demonstrates that Nrf2 is engaged in this cytoprotection. Our findings suggest that LM might be used as a potential therapeutic candidate for oxidative stress-related neurological disorders.


Nrf2; antioxidant; lipoamide; neuroprotective effect; oxidative stress

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