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J Neurotrauma. 2019 Aug 6. doi: 10.1089/neu.2019.6513. [Epub ahead of print]

Dextran 500 Improves Recovery of Inflammatory Markers: An In Vitro Microdialysis Study.

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1Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
3Theme Neuro, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
4Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.


Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) is used in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to recover metabolites in brain extracellular fluid (ECF). To recover larger proteins and avoid fluid loss, albumin supplemented perfusion fluid (PF) has been utilized, but because of regulatory changes in the European Union, this is no longer practicable. The aim with this study was to see whether fluid, absolute (AR), and relative (RR) recovery for the novel carrier, Dextran 500, was better than conventional PF for a range of cytokines and chemokines. An in vitro setup mimicking conditions observed in the neurocritical care of TBI patients was used, utilizing 100-kDa molecular-weight cut-off CMD catheters inserted through a triple-lumen bolt cranial access device into an external solution with diluted cytokine standards in known concentrations for 48 h (divided into 6-h epochs). Samples were run on a 39-plex Luminex (Luminex Corporation, Austin, TX) assay to assess cytokine concentrations. We found that fluid recovery was inadequate in 50% of epochs with conventional PF, whereas Dextran PF overcame this limitation. The AR was higher in the Dextran PF samples for a majority of cytokines, and RR was significantly increased for macrophage colony-stimulating factor and transforming growth factor-alpha. In summary, Dextran PF improved fluid and cytokine recovery as compared to conventional PF and is a suitable alternative to albumin supplemented PF for protein microdialysis.


; Dextran 500; chemokines; cytokines; microdialysis; recovery


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